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  1. Recommended Reading List 11 items
    1. Welcome to this module.  The readings listed below are the whole texts which we recommend to you for extended and additonal study.  It is not necessay to read eveything but you could explore these books and enjoy making discoveries in them.

      It is necessary to read all the weekly readings and to do so prior to the lecture / seminars as only then can you get the best out of them.   

      Good luck!  Chris 

    2. Children and adolescents in trauma : creative therapeutic approaches - Chris Nicholson, Michael Irwin, Kedar Nath Dwivedi 2010

      Book 

    3. Children and adolescents in trauma: creative therapeutic approaches - Chris Nicholson, Kedar Nath Dwivedi, Michael Irwin 2010 (electronic resource)

      Book 

    4. The protective shell in children and adults - Tustin, Frances 1990

      Book 

    5. The protective shell in children and adults - Frances Tustin, Frances Tustin, EBSCOhost ebook collection 1990

      Book 

    6. Therapeutic communities / edited by Rex Haigh and Penelope Campling. - Haigh, Rex;, Campling, Penelope 1998

      Book 

    7. Therapeutic communities: past, present, and future - Penelope Campling, Rex Haigh, EBSCOhost ebook collection c1999

      Book 

  2. Week 16: Violence in Children, Adolescents and adults 5 items
    Today we will look at the module overall, consider the assignment we are working toward and the assessment process. Then we will go on to consider violence, broadly define it and contrast it with aggression and finally to consider some of the issues raised and examples from the readings
    1. Essential Reading 5 items
      1. A critical dictionary of psychoanalysis / Charles Rycroft. - Rycroft, Charles 1995

        Book Essential Also see the definition of ‘aggression’ in the Dictionary of Psychoanalysis by Rycroft. You should try get this if you haven't already got picked it up.

      2. Aggression in childhood development - Anthony Storr

        Chapter Essential Please read ‘Aggression in Child Development’ (pp 60 – 73)

      3. Ghosts from the nursery :tracing the roots of violence /Robin Karr-Morse and Meredith S. Wiley - Robin Karr-Morse, Meredith S. Wiley c1997

        Book Essential Read Chapter: 'The Hand That Rocks: The impact of early emotional deprivation’

      4. Working with borderline personality disorder - J. Mishan

        Chapter Essential

  3. Week 17: A Psychoanalytic Approach to Hate 3 items
    It is difficult to think about feelings like hate in our work but Winnicott here shows how important this is and presents a model in which we must study our own emotional responses to our clients as a part of their treatment. In Hinshelwood's chapter we consider how organisations may express hatred through forms exclusion.
    1. Essential Reading 3 items
      1. Hate in the countertransference - D.W. Winnicott

        Chapter Essential

  4. Week 18: Integration in Early Development 5 items
    Having begun to explore different forms of violent behaviour, this week we go back to early development and consider some of the development processes which lead to better integrity of the personality. These processes can continue in various forms in family and social life in adulthood and can protect us from kinds of internal division which can lead to violence. We also consider a psychoanalytic approach to the causes of autism based in very early defensive maneuvers which allows us to reflect upon those described as having Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD).
    1. Essential Reading 4 items
      1. Our need for others and its roots in infancy - Josephine Klein 1987

        Book Essential Please read Part 6 - Chapter 19: Holding and integrating.

      2. The protective shell in children and adults. - Tustin, Frances. 1990

        Book Essential Read Chapters: 'Preface' AND 'What autism is and what autism is not'

      3. The protective shell in children and adults - Frances Tustin, Frances Tustin, EBSCOhost ebook collection 1990

        Book Essential Read Chapters: 'Preface' AND 'What autism is and what autism is not'

    2. Secondary Reading 1 item
  5. Week 19: Treatment in a Therapeutic Community 6 items
    We will consider two models of how to structure a therapeutic community (TC). The models were both developed by psychiatrists working psychodynamically in TCs. He first is dealing more specifically with violence in a children's community, while the second is applied to Democratic Therapeutic Communities for adults. The recommended reading is a description of a model currently in use at the Mulberry Bush School. All three models describe what has been called 'planned therapeutic environments' aimed at creating organisations able to contain quite troubled people.
    1. Essential Reading 4 items
      1. Children and adolescents in trauma: creative therapeutic approaches - Chris Nicholson, Kedar Nath Dwivedi, Michael Irwin, dawsonera 2010 (electronic resource)

        Book Essential Read Chapter: Bruce, T. ‘From Reaction to Reflection’

      2. Therapeutic communities / edited by Rex Haigh and Penelope Campling. 2003

        Book Essential Read Chapter: Haigh, R. (1998) ‘The Quintessence of a therapeutic environment’

      3. Therapeutic communities: past, present, and future - Penelope Campling, Rex Haigh, EBSCOhost ebook collection c1999 (electronic resource)

        Book Essential Read Chapter: Haigh, R. (1998) ‘The Quintessence of a therapeutic environment’

    2. Secondary reading 2 items
      1. Waiting To Be Found: Papers on Children in Care - Andrew Briggs 2018

        Book  Read Chapter 12: ‘Creating a “third position” to explore oedipal dynamics in the task and organisation of a therapeutic school’ by Diamond, J.

      2. Waiting to be found : papers on children in care / edited by Andrew Briggs ; foreword by Margaret Rustin. 2012

        Book  Read Chapter: Diamond, J. ‘Creating a “third position” to explore oedipal dynamics in the task and organisation of a therapeutic school’

  6. Week 20: The Application of Therapeutic Community Principles and Group Work 5 items
    This week's the lecture will cover mainly the texts by Dwivedi on working in groups which applicable to children and adult groups. You should read and study the three texts below and arrive prepared to discuss these actively. In the second seminar we will be holding a formal debate on the question: 'Can therapeutic community theory and practice be applied in other settings?' Consider critical the arguments for and against this.
    1. Essential Reading 4 items
      1. Staff support groups in the helping professions: principles, practice, and pitfalls - Phil Hartley, David Kennard 2009

        Book Essential Please Read: Part 2 - Chapter 13: Working with disturbed states of mind by N. Humphreys

    2. Secondary reading 1 item
      1. Group work with children and adolescents : a handbook / edited by Kedar Nath Dwivedi. - Dwivedi, Kedar Nath 1993

        Book  Please read: ‘Introduction’ and ‘Conceptual Frameworks’. These texts will give you an excellent overview on the advantages of group work, the processes involved and theoretical models that are applied.

  7. Week 21: Old Age and Treatment 3 items
    The Erikson chapter indicates very well the issues and dilemmas associated with ageing – late aging in the 80s and 90s – and this is now an ever more pressing concern. In his psychosocial model we may wonder how society itself forces some elements of the conflicts Erikson exposes onto the elderly person. In Terry's paper, the focus is upon the close observation of interactions between therapists or carers and their elderly clients. Projective processes are explored in depth.
    1. Essential Reading 2 items
      1. The life cycle completed / Erik H. Erikson - Erik H. Erikson, Joan M. Erikson c1998, c1997

        Book Essential Read Chapter: 'The Ninth Stage'

    2. Secondary Reading 1 item
      1. The life cycle completed / Erik H. Erikson - Erik H. Erikson, Joan M. Erikson c1998, c1997

        Book  Read Chapter: 'Old age and Community’ . If you work with older people you should read this chapter. It is very moving and insightful about the place of older people in society and can help you to consider how we can better improve the experiences available to people moving toward the end of life.

  8. Week 22: Disability, Idealism and Omnipotence 3 items
    Today's lecture will address the difficulties we face when unexpected events overtake us – in this case, the birth a child quite different from our expectations or when our omnipotent fantasies of control are used to manage the inherent complexities in our work.
    1. Essential Reading 3 items
      1. Crises of the self : further essays on psychoanalysis and politics / edited by Barry Richards. - Barry Richards 1989

        Book Essential Read Chapter: Ernst, S. (1989) ‘Gender and the Phantasy of Omnipotence: case study of an organisation’ (pp 101-111)

      2. Psychoanalytic theory for social work practice :thinking under fire /edited by Marion Bower. 2005

        Book Essential Read Chapter: Simpson, D. (2005) ‘Psychoanalytic perspectives on emotional problems facing parents of children with learning disabilities (pp 103-113)

  9. Week 23: Refugee Trauma and Language 2 items
    1. Essential Reading 2 items
      1. Crises of the self : further essays on psychoanalysis and politics / edited by Barry Richards - Barry Richards 1989

        Book Essential Read Chapter: Sinason, V. (1989) ‘The Psycholinguistics of Discrimination’

  10. Week 24: Psychoanalytic approach to Racism 4 items
    Here we will look at Keval's model of a fixed state of mind in which contributes to racist attitudes and suggest that this is primarily and issue with learning and accepting new experience. In Cohen's paper we can explore how children encounter their own aggression and violent urges and the representation of this in children's fiction. Projection plays a role in both arguments.
    1. Essential Reading 4 items
      1. Not now, Bernard / David McKee. - McKee, David, 1935- 1980

        Book Essential

      2. Psychoanalytic theory for social work practice :thinking under fire /edited by Marion Bower. 2005

        Book Essential Read Chapter: Keval, N. (2005) ‘Racist States of Mind: an attack on thinking and curiosity’

      3. Where the wild things are / story and pictures by Maurice Sendak. - Sendak, Maurice 2000

        Book Essential

  11. Week 25: Review and Preparation 1 item
    1. In this seminar / workshop you will bring a prepared essay plan and some of you will present these, but we will all discuss the issues which emerge from the presentations and plan for you to write the best essay you can. There are no readings but please review your notes as this is a review seminar. It is essential to attend.

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